The Obligation (Fard) of Hajj
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one of the five institutions of Islam. The performance of Hajj as an enjoined
duty and its superiority and the statement of Allah Taala:
(pilgrimage) to the House (Kabah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those
who can afford the journey.
whoever disbelieves (i.e. desires Hajj) then he is a disbeliever of Allah and
Allah stands not in need of any of His Creature." (Surah Al Imran 3:197)
is a duty to be performed at least once in a lifetime by every adult Muslim,
man or woman, who is free of sound mind and able to undertake it. It is highly
important that every Muslim who has fulfilled the conditions which make him
"able" to perform pilgrimage should do so as soon as possible. If he
postpones offering this duty from one year to another he may die before he has
fulfilled his duty. He then meets his Lord having neglected a main pillar of
Islam. It may happen that a person who slackens reaches old age, when
pilgrimage becomes doubly difficult, before he has fulfilled his duty.
denies that pilgrimage is a duty of Muslims is not a Muslim but a Kafir, for,
he denies a part of the religion of Islam which is necessarily known to every
for Hajj to become obligatory (Fard) on any personThere are several conditions
which must be met before pilgrimage becomes a duty for any particular person.
If any of these conditions is not met, the person concerned is not necessarily
required to offer pilgrimage. These conditions are as follows:
1. To be an adult. A person is an adult if
he or she has attained puberty. If a child offers pilgrimage, it is valid and
both the child and his parents are rewarded for it. Pilgrimage in childhood,
however, cannot be a substitute for pilgrimage after one becomes an adult.
2. To be of sound mind.
3. To be free. A slave is not required to
offer pilgrimage. If he does and he is subsequently set free, that pilgrimage
does not relieve him of the duty to offer pilgrimage after he has gained his
4. To be aware that pilgrimage is a duty.
This applies particularly to those people who are brought up in non-Muslim
5. A woman who intends to offer pilgrimage
must be accompanied by either her husband or one of her mahrams (those of her
relatives whom she cannot marry). If she cannot find such company she is not
required to offer pilgrimage. If such a companion is available but refuses to
accompany her unless she pays his expenses, she is required to pay his
expenses, if she is able to do so. If a woman takes the pilgrimage journey on
her own, her pilgrimage is valid but she is not relieved of the sin of
violating Islamic restrictions regarding travel by women. No husband may
prevent his wife from offering her first pilgrimage if she wants to do so. If
he tries to prevent her, she may undertake the journey without his permission.
6. To be able to offer pilgrimage. This
ability is fulfilled if the following conditions are met:
1. Physical ability. Any intending
pilgrim must have sufficient physical strength to do all the requirements of
2. He must not be too weak to travel
and fulfill the duties of pilgrimage because of old age.
3. His route should be safe. If he
fears for his life or money this condition is not met.
4. He should have sufficient money to
meet his necessary expenses until he comes back.
5. There should be no physical
impediment which prevents him from undertaking the journey, such as
imprisonment, torture or punishment inflicted by a tyrannical ruler.If someone
who does not fulfil the conditions of ability offers pilgrimage, in spite of
his inability, his pilgrimage is valid.
do before one embarks on his journey
Muslim determines to go for pilgrimage or Umrah (mini-pilgrimage) he should do
the following before he embarks on his journey:
1. Urge his family, friends and relatives to
observe the Islamic teachings and to abide by Allah’s commandments.
2. Write down any loans he owes to others or
he has given to others, so that everybody’s right is documented.
3. Write is will. He is recommended to leave
a part of his money, not exceeding one-third, for the poor.
4. Repent of his past sins and mistakes and
pay back to others whatever is due to them.
5. Select the best of his money for the
expenses of his journey. By "the best of his money," we mean that
which he knows to have been earned from perfectly pure sources The best of this
is that which is earned by personal effort or for service which was done to the
best of his ability. Pilgrimage is done for Allah and Allah accepts only what
6. Resolve to undertake his pilgrimage or
umrah purely for Allah’s sake Allah accepts only such actions as are undertaken
for the sole purpose of earning His pleasure. It is sufficient for a believer
to feel that from the moment he begins his journey he is a guest of his Lord,
enjoying His blessings, and sharing with that large number of believers a trip
of total devotion, purity, brotherhood and mutual love.
four essentials of pilgrimage which must be dome for it to be valid. Omitting
anyone of these will invalidate one’s pilgrimage. These are:
2. Attendance at Arafat at the specified
3. The Tawaf of ifaadah and
4. Sa’i between Safah and Marwah
5. A fifth essential is added by al-Shafie
school of thought, which is to shave one’s head (for men only) or to shorten
are also recommended to repeat the traditional phrase declaring that they are
responding to Allah’s call for them to offer the pilgrimage and complete it.
They repeat these phrases as they go into Ihram.
Labbaik.Labbaik Laa Shareeka Laka LabbaikInnal Hamda Wannimata lak walmulk Laa
"I respond to Your call my
LordI respond to You, there is no deity save You.All praise, grace and dominion
belong to You.You have no partners."
utter this aloud while women should say it silently.Repeat this Talbiyyah
frequently, and engage in the praise of Allah, in supplication for forgiveness,
and in the enjoining of what is good and the forbidding of what is evil.