Islam on Vegetation/Plants
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has been described in the Qur’an as a special blessing of god. According to the
Qur’an Paradise is a world of highest quality, where the believers, God’s favored
servants, will be inhabited. This abode has been called Paradise, meaning a
garden, which is a special feature of paradise, referred to in the Qur’an as
‘beautiful mansions in Gardens of eternity." (61:12)
is God’s desired person. What this desired person is like. In the Qur’an he has
been likened to a tree (14:24). This is a very meaningful simile. As we all
know man receives shade, fruits and flowers from the tree. The sight of a green
tree cools the eyes of the people. All such qualities should be found in the
believers/God worshippers. Human beings should live in society in a manner that
the way give comfort to everyone, they may benefit everyone, they may become a
source of coolness to all.
There is a
hadith to this effect. The Prophet of Islam said: The believer is like a gentle
plant. When the winds blow it does not show haughtiness, instead it swerves to
and from with the wind, and when the winds are not blowing it stands in
position once again. Exactly the same is the case with the God worshipper. A
true believer lives among the people with gentleness. He does not display
arrogance. His way is that of adjustment and not of clash and confrontation. He
follows the principle of persuasion and avoids the way of violence.
point in the Qur’an honey has been mentioned in particular. Honey a valuable
drink is produced from the plants. The Qur’an tells us about honey that
‘therein is healing for men’ (16:69. This indicates symbolically that besides
food and drink plants have another special quality that of having the healing
effect. It is a fact that most of the medicine are produced from plants. This
healing attributes of the plants is so great that even when a tiger, a
carnivorous animal, takes ill, he eats grass to cure himself. So God has
granted us double blessings in the form of plants. They serve both as food and
repeatedly mentions vegetation/plants as a special blessings of God. Here are
some verses in this regard:
the initial stage of creation the Qur’an states that "after creating the
earth God drew out therefrom its water and its pasture" (79:31). Water and
vegetation are closely related to one another without water vegetation cannot
come into existence. This precious vegetation is available nowhere in the vast
expanses of the universe but on earth. That is why the existence of the living
things too exist only on earth, because the existence of life is not possible
without vegetation. A verse in the Qur’an is as follows:
"Then let man look at his foot
(and how we provide it) for that we pour forth water in abundance. And we split
the earth in fragments. And produce therein grain, and grapes and the fresh
vegetation, and olives and data,and enclosed gardens, dense with lofty trees,
and fruits and fodder, a provision for you and your cattle" (80:24-23).
that God has made the vegetation as special food for both men and animals.
Through vegetation human body receives all its necessary requirements/elements
which are essential for biological existence. Along with it such elements too
are placed in vegetation as produce resistance to various ailments. Furthermore
God has also added varied tastes to these vegetation so that these serve not only
as simple food but also as tasty food. Here is a verse in the Qur’an:
"It is He who produced gardens
with trellises and without, and dates, and tilt with produce of all kinds, and
olives and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in variety). Eat of
their fruit in their season, but render the dues that are proper on the day
that the harvest is gathered. But waste not by excess. For God loves not the
mentions vegetables, fruits and dry-fruits. We are told that God has made all
these things to serve as food for man. God desires that man should achieve
these food products by farming and gardening. Then along with eating them
himself he should also feed others and thank God for His blessings.
to the Qur’an, from various aspects, farming and gardening are means of human
existence, these provide both spiritual as well as physical food for man.
Prophet of Islam observed: when a person plants a tree and the tree grows and
yields fruit, then human beings and birds eat its fruit, this will be an act of
charity on the part of the planter of the tree.In a similar vein there is
another hadith. The Prophet once observed: "If you have a plant in your
hand and you can see the Doomsday approaching, even then, without any further
delay, you should sow/put the plant in the earth.
traditions show how great importance is attached to vegetation in Islam. In
this way Islam produces the spirit in man that he should make earth a green,
verdant to the extent that even if there is fear that after his plantation an
earthquake was to come and the earth were going to be destroyed in its way.
This is the education of plantation for the sake of plantation.