Thomas Alva Edison (February 11 1847 – October 18 1931) was an American inventorscientist and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world including the phonograph the motion picture camera and a long-lasting practical electric light bulb. Dubbed “The Wizard of Menlo Park” (now EdisonNew Jersey) by a newspaper reporter he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large teamwork to the process of invention and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
Edison is considered one of the most prolific inventors in history holding 1093 U.S. patents in his name as well as many patents in the United Kingdom France and Germany. He is credited with numerous inventions that contributed to mass communication and in particular telecommunications. His advanced work in these fields was an outgrowth of his early career as a telegraph operator. Edison originated the concept and implementation of electric-power generation and distribution to homesbusinesses and factories – a crucial development in the modern industrialized world. His first power station was on Manhattan Island New York.